Projects like Atom and Electron changed the way we think about the frontier between desktop and web apps. Let’s consider what frameworks like Electron make possible.
Building cross-platform applications
You might already be using one of these Electron-powered applications:
VisualStudio Code (Microsoft’s new text editor)
Caprine (an unofficial client for Facebook Messenger)
Wait, WordPress? Yes – the new WordPress.com interface is bundled as a desktop application, available right from your taskbar or dock. These applications (well, three out of the four) show a trend towards making apps available in the browser and on desktop.
This “web first” approach to application development combines the best of both worlds. You can develop once, then run your application on multiple platforms. For first-time or occasional users, you have a no-install browser version. Frequent users can make the most of an easily accessible, always-on desktop app.
This allows us to start thinking of “desktop availability” as another feature of the product rather than as a completely separate (and costly) project.
The desktop app question
Whether you really need a desktop app should be your first question. Is the product catering to an audience of frequent users? Are they likely to browse multiple pages at once, or to concentrate their focus on a single task? Where is the product positioned on the web site to web app scale? It’s important to understand the user’s intent when interacting with the product, as well as their varying expectations in front of browser-based and desktop UIs.
From a technical standpoint, Electron is very new and probably isn’t on anyone’s resume yet – and this is exactly what’s great about it. Since the technologies are the same as browser-based applications, web designers and developers can leverage their existing knowledge, adapting it to the desktop context. The community around Electron is creating a series of tools to simplify the most tedious tasks of desktop development. Utilities like nativefier can turn a website into an app in a matter of seconds, and UI kits are starting to pop up for interfaces to achieve a native feel.
Beyond operating systems
There are a lot of smart people working on cross-platform development at the moment. At Springload we’ve used the Cordova “web wrapper” approach; and we’re currently very excited about mobile innovation with React Native and NativeScript. On desktop, Chrome OS is also worth having a look at.
There is no one-size-fits-all solution, but we do believe that the web as a platform is as close to true cross-platform availability as it gets. Tools like Electron enable us to look at desktop applications as another medium, instead of a separate entity.